Monsoon In India: 10 Facts You Need To Know to Enjoy This Epic Season

The word monsoon is derived from the Arabic mausim, meaning “season.” Though the exact origin of the word is unknown, it is believed that it was used by Arab sailors to describe seasonal winds.

The monsoon is a large-scale pattern of winds, rainfall, and temperature fluctuations in the Earth’s atmosphere that occurs over the course of months. These changes are due to the differential heating and cooling of land and water.

What does monsoon mean to people in India?

Forget the science behind it, monsoon means more than just a change in weather in India. It is an integral part of Indian culture, history, and tradition. Monsoon in India means relief from scorching heat to some and the end of long separation for star-crossed lovers. It marks the beginning of a new season of life and brings along with it new hopes, aspirations, and desires.

India is a land of contrasts, and nowhere is this more apparent than during the monsoon season. From June to September, the country is lashed by rains, causing rivers to swell and fields to turn into muddy swamps. Yet, despite the often chaotic conditions, the monsoon is also one of the most popular times for tourists to visit India.

For many, the appeal lies in the dramatic landscape; as the rain pounds down, waterfalls cascade over cliffs and lush green hills emerge from the mist. For others, it’s an opportunity to witness traditional life uninterrupted; in rural areas, farmers still plant and harvest their crops using age-old methods, while in cities like Mumbai, daily life goes on as usual despite the downpour.

Whatever the reason for visiting India during the monsoon season, one thing is certain – it’s an unforgettable experience. From the wild beauty of Kerala to the bustling streets of Mumbai, there’s something for everyone to enjoy during this special time of year.

Here are some interesting facts about the monsoon in India.

1. Monsoon has many names in India

Monsoon not only means different things to different people But, did you know that monsoon has many names in India? In some parts of the country, it is referred to as “Varsha”, “Aashadhi” or “Ritu Kaal”. It is also called “Basant” or “Grishma”. In some parts of India, the onset of monsoon is referred to as “Kharif” and its withdrawal is known as “Rabi”.

2. Monsoon in India lasts for three to four months.

Monsoon season is the time when most of India gets drenched in rains. It lasts for three to four months, starting from June to September. The onset of monsoon is usually identified by a drop in temperature and a rise in humidity levels over the Indian landmass.

3. Monsoon changes the landscape in India

Monsoon transforms the landscape in India for a few months. It brings a lush green cover to the country’s vast terrains, which are otherwise parched and dry for most of the year. You can witness the greenery at its best during the monsoon season.

4. Monsoons bring relief from hot summer months

Monsoons bring relief from the hot summer months. It can be the best time to visit India because of its pleasant climate.

5. Monsoons help in agriculture

The onset of monsoon also means that farmers can sow their seeds without worrying about getting them damaged due to extreme heat or excessive sunshine. It can also be a time to harvest some crops. Monsoon is a busy season for farmers in India. This is the busiest time of year for them as they have to work hard to get their crops in before the rains come.

6. Monsoon is a festival season in India

From the vibrant colors of Holi to the delicious food of Onam, there are many colorful festivals for everyone to enjoy during the monsoon season.

This is the season when tourists from all over the world visit India to enjoy the festivals. The most popular festival during monsoon is the Festivals of colors, which is celebrated in different parts of India. Other festivals include the elephants festival, the snake festival, and the bird festival.

7. Monsoon is closely related to India’s economy

Monsoons are important for India’s economy. It accounts for almost 75% of the annual rainfall and is vital for agriculture, which accounts for about 15% of India’s GDP.

Monsoons help in agriculture by providing the much-needed water and nutrients needed for the growth of crops such as rice, wheat, and sugarcane, which are very important food sources in India.

The monsoon replenishes the groundwater in India, which accounts for about 70% of the freshwater available in India.

A good monsoon leads to bountiful crops, boosts rural consumption, and drives the economy. A weak monsoon – or drought—hits farm workers hard, raises food prices, and encourages hoarding; these factors create havoc in the economy.

8. Monsoon is a tourist season in India

The monsoon season is also a big draw for tourists, who come to India to experience the country’s lush green landscapes and cool weather.

The monsoon season is a busy time for tourism in India. The rains bring relief from the heat of the summer, and the resulting green landscapes are a sight to behold

9. Monsoon can cause heavy floods

The onset of monsoon usually brings heavy rains across most parts of India, especially the western regions. This can result in flash floods that cause extensive damage to crops and property in low-lying areas. This is possibly the only time of the year in India when over 1.3 billion people await to see how the weather will impact their lives.

10. Monsoon season boosts creativity for artists and writers

This is a season of inspiration  for artists and writers in India

For artists and writers who want to be inspired, it’s also a time of year that can boost creativity.

“Monsoon season is a great time to work on writing projects,” says writer Sonali Dev, whose novel The Bollywood Bride has been optioned for film by Sony Pictures. “You just feel more relaxed.”

Dev says she uses her writing time during the monsoon to focus on her next project, which will be a historical fiction set in India at the time of independence and partition.

For others, like artist Aakriti Sharma, who paints women’s portraiture in watercolor and oils, working during the monsoon season can have an unexpected impact. “I think I’m most creative when it rains,” says Sharma, whose work has been featured in exhibitions around the world including shows in Paris and New York City. “It makes me feel like my skin is vibrating or something.”

Sharma says she finds herself sitting down at her desk with ideas flowing freely through her head — particularly during monsoon.


Monsoons in India are a huge source of drama, excitement, and plenty of breakouts.

Between the hot showers and ice cream runs, it’s hard to stay upset about much else. I guess that’s one way you could say monsoon love is infectious. So if you’re looking for a time to visit India, be sure to head there during the monsoon season!

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Disclaimer: The information and advice contained in our articles are intended for general informational purposes only. The content on our site does not provide any medical advice or established facts, and only reflects the opinion of writers.

India Chakra
Author: India Chakra

India chakra

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