19 Powerful Goddesses in Hinduism


The Hindu religion is one of the oldest in the world, with a tradition that dates back 5,000 years. Many people are surprised to hear that it has many goddesses. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world and has one of the oldest mythologies. This makes it a fertile landscape for gods and goddesses. Vedic texts contain over 3 million words and one-third of these are devoted to goddesses! Here are 15 incredible goddesses in Hinduism you should know about:

1. Goddess Laxmi

The Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity, Laxmi is one of the most popular goddesses in Hinduism. She is a symbol of wealth and prosperity, and she’s often depicted holding lotus flowers. She’s the wife of Vishnu and the goddess who provides happiness in life.

She’s one of the most popular goddesses in Hinduism and is a symbol of wealth and prosperity. Her name literally means “she who is beautiful,” and she who is ” invincible”  she is often depicted holding lotus flowers.

2. Goddess Kali

Kali is the fierce aspect of Devi, the goddess of creation and destruction in Hinduism. She represents time, change, and death—the dark side of life. She is one of the goddesses in Hinduism that represents a new beginning by destroying old and unnecessary.

Kali is a symbol of empowerment for women, as she brings about change in a way that’s both positive and negative. She is associated with bloodlust, violence, and death; her image often depicts her standing on top of a dead body or holding weapons like swords or sickles. But she also represents strength over adversity: when people face hardship, they can call on Kali to help them overcome it.

Kali is the Goddess of death and destruction in Hinduism. It’s a dark side of life that we often fear to see or think about when things aren’t going well for us. Kali can help people overcome adversity by bringing about change in their lives.

Indian Goddesses in Hinduism represents the divine feminine energy and values, such as love, compassion, wisdom, and beauty.

Indian Goddesses in Hinduism represent the divine feminine energy and values, such as love, compassion, wisdom, and beauty.

3. Goddess Saraswati

Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge and the arts in Hinduism and hence one of the most important goddesses in Hinduism. She is the wife of Brahma—the god of creation—and one of his consorts. Saraswati is also considered to be the mother of the Vedas (the Hindu scriptures).

She was born from Brahma’s body after he created himself from meditation. She emerged as a beautiful woman with four hands clutching instruments that represent knowledge—a writing pen, a book or manuscript, a stringed instrument called a veena, and a lotus flower (the symbol for purity).

Saraswati plays an important role in the Hindu pantheon. She is the goddess of knowledge and the arts and helps people achieve perfection in those areas. She was also born from Brahma’s body after he created himself from meditation.

4. Goddess Parvati

Parvati is the daughter of the Himalayas, wife of Lord Shiva, mother of Ganesh, and goddess of fertility. She is also known as Shakti or Devi—the power that exists within all things.

Parvati is one of the most worshipped goddesses in Hinduism because she represents many different qualities that can be applied to life: love, wisdom, beauty, and compassion. As her name suggests, Parvati is often depicted as being very beautiful. She has long black hair, a fair complexion, and an attractive figure. Parvati is also known for her compassion towards others—especially those who are poor or suffering.

5. Goddess Radha

Radha is the consort of Krishna and the embodiment of love. She’s considered to be one of the supreme goddesses in Hinduism, and her love for Krishna inspires devotion in millions of people around the world.

Radha is considered to be the embodiment of love because she exemplifies unconditional love between two people. Her relationship with Krishna is so pure that even it can inspire us to have better relationships with others. When we talk about the devotion of goddesses in Hindusim, Radha’s name is always mentioned first.

6. Goddess Annapurna

Thanks to her association with wheat, Annapurna is also a goddess of abundance. In fact, she is said to have created the hill known as Annapurna in Nepal, which was named after her because it’s considered one of the most fertile places in the world.

Annapurna is the goddess of food, nourishment, and abundance. She’s also called Annapoorna (which means “mother who feeds everyone”) or Annakutty (“she who gives everything”). The story goes that she once fed Lord Vishnu so many sweets that he couldn’t eat anymore and begged for mercy—so she stopped feeding him until he promised never again to refuse food offered by anyone. She is unique among all goddesses in Hinduism because she is devoted to feeding all life.

7. Goddess Savitri

Savitri is a Hindu goddess who is the wife of the sun god Surya and, in some accounts, the mother of Yama. She is also sometimes known as Sati, whose story we told you about above. Savitri’s mother was Aditi (the mother of Indra), who was married to Kashyapa (an ancient sage). So Savitri comes from royal bloodlines! In some texts, she’s listed as one of eleven daughters born to Kashyapa and Aditi; however many sources say that she has no siblings at all.

As far as her husband goes: Surya was originally betrothed to Sati but they were unable to marry since he had been cursed by Daksha—who wanted revenge after being insulted by him—and so Sati committed suicide (as we mentioned earlier). When he discovered what happened, Surya went mad with grief and vowed never to marry again or help anyone until his beloved wife returned from death itself. Luckily for him though…

8. Goddess Manasa Devi

Manasa Devi is the snake goddess. Her story is found in the Mahabharata, where she’s also known as Manasa Devi. She’s the daughter of the sage Karkotaka and the mother of all snakes.

9. Goddess Jagadamba

Jagadamba is the goddess of the earth. She is also known as Sati, Parvati, and Kali. The consort of Shiva, she is the daughter of Prajapati Daksha who was born with all the qualities and powers of gods. She is also known as Durga, Chandika, or Devi and has many forms such as Uma, Gauri, and Bhavani.

10. Goddess Meenakshi

Meenakshi is the most popular goddess in Hinduism. She is powerful and has a very interesting story.

Meenakshi is the Goddess of war and victory, fertility, prosperity, life and death, love and marriage. She was born from Brahma’s will to destroy the demon Daruka who was terrorizing heaven with his powers of illusion. After being born she killed him with her arrows but not before he cursed her saying that she would be known as Meenakshi – “one with beautiful eyes”. Since then Meenakshi has been worshipped as both Durga Shakti (the force that destroys evil) and Lakshmi Shakti (the force which brings good fortune).

11. Goddess Sita

Sita is the wife of Rama, the seventh avatar of Vishnu. She is also considered to be one of the most important goddesses in Hinduism.

Sita is the daughter of King Janaka of Videha and his wife, Queen Sunayana. Sita and her brother Lakshmana were born out of creative energy called “Mahamaya” and were, therefore, siblings by birth. Urmila is also considered to be Sita’s sister since they share a mother (Sunayana).

12. Gangamma Devi, goddess of fire in southern India.

Gangamma Devi is the patron goddess of fire, and she is a popular deity in Hinduism.

In southern India, Gangamma Devi is also referred to as “Gangadhara,” which translates to “she who carries the Ganges.” The Ganges River is one of the most sacred rivers in India, so carrying it on her head gives Gangamma Devi extra power. In addition to being associated with fire, Gangamma Devi is also thought to be the protector of kitchen fires.

13. Goddess Durga

Durga is a manifestation of the primeval energy, Shakti. She is considered the supreme goddess of all and therefore has no father or mother. Her name means “invincible” or “unassailable.”

Description: A fierce warrior queen, Durga rides a lion while carrying weapons in each hand and fierce-looking dogs at her feet. She wears an elaborate headdress that resembles an elephant’s head with tusks and eyes made out of gold. Her body is covered in flames that symbolize her power to destroy evil forces such as demons or negative people who would otherwise harm humanity.

Powers: Durga is said to possess eight different powers including shakti (power), tejas (radiance), bala (strength), Mangala (prosperity), shantata (peace), krita-kama-kratuhu (the ability to fulfill one’s desires quickly) and vishuddhi (purification). Her most important power though is shakti because it allows one’s wishes to come true no matter how difficult they may seem; for example, this goddess has been known to defeat everyone from gods like Shiva all the way down to humans without any trouble whatsoever!

14. Goddess Nila Saraswati or Nilasarasvati is a Buddhist deity that was merged into Hinduism.

Nila Saraswati or Nilasarasvati is a Buddhist deity that was merged into Hinduism.

Nila Saraswati is the Buddhist goddess of knowledge and learning. She is the patron deity of the Buddhist kingdom of Nalanda in Bihar, India. The name ‘Nila’ means blue or dark colored while ‘Saraswati’ means flowing water.

In Hinduism, she is considered as one of the seven mothers that represent a type of female energy called shakti (feminine creative potential). Her color is blue, which represents purity and serenity

15. Goddess Bhavani

Bhavani is one of the most popular goddesses in Hinduism. She is an aspect of Durga, who is often considered to be a form of Devi. As such, she represents the energy of the universe and strength, power, and courage.

Bhavani is known as “The Goddess who gives knowledge and learning.” She also has another name that means “Goddess of wisdom” or “Goddess of knowledge” (Vidyarambha). According to legend, Shiva married her after he was born from Parvati’s forehead during a battle between gods and demons

16. Goddess Ganga

Ganga is the goddess of rivers in Hinduism. She is also known as the Ganges, which means “the river that flows from the sky”, in reference to her being a daughter of Himavat (Himalaya). She is one of the seven heavenly mothers, who represent different aspects of nature. Ganga is considered to be one of the forms of Goddess Parvati and an avatar of Lakshmi. Ganga is the goddess of rivers. She is the daughter of Lord Vishnu and the sister of Lord Varuna. She represents purity, loyalty, and righteousness. Ganga is known as one of the most important figures in Hinduism, who nurtures all life on Earth by providing water for drinking, irrigation, and spiritual cleansing.

17. Goddess Gayatri

Let’s begin with the goddess Gayatri, who is the goddess of knowledge, wisdom, and the arts. She is also considered to be a manifestation of Saraswati. Goddess Gayatri is one of the most worshipped goddesses in Hindusim. Many mantras are hymns are chanted in her praise.

Gayatri was born when Brahma meditated on Vishnu and Saraswati. He then created her from his thoughts alone and named her Gayatrita (one who comes from Gayatri).

She became so beautiful that she won over all other gods in heaven by her looks alone! But Brahma did not want anyone else to marry his daughter because he knew he would lose his favorite daughter forever if she left him for another man! So in order to prevent this from happening, he kept her within himself by making her invisible to everyone else except those who could see through illusions created by Brahma himself.”

18. Kamadhenu

Kamadhenu is a divine goddess described in Hinduism as the mother of all cows. She is regarded as a sacred animal and believed to possess the earth’s milk. Kamadhenu is also known as Surabhi, which literally means “honeybee”.

The cow has special importance in Hindu culture, which considers it to be holy and symbolizes prosperity, strength, selfless giving, and nourishment of both body and spirit. In Hindu mythology, Kamadhenu represents abundance and prosperity; she can give whatever her master desires. Kamadhenu has been associated with many deities including Indra (god of rain), Vishnu (preserver god), Shiva (destroyer god), and Krishna (an avatar of Vishnu).

19. Goddess Tulsi

Goddess Tulsi is also associated with Kamadhenu. Tulsi (also known as Tulasi) is a sacred plant that grows in India. The plant has many medicinal properties and is believed to have special powers of purification. People have worshipped Tulsi for centuries, believing it to be an incarnation of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and abundance. is a goddess of plants and vegetation. She is considered to be a form of the Hindu goddess Devi (goddess). Tulsi is also known as the “Mother Plant”. The Tulsi plant has many medicinal properties and is said to have been used by humans for over 5,000 years.


When it comes to Hinduism, mythological stories are an integral part of the culture. Indian Goddesses in Hinduism represent the divine feminine energy and values, such as love, compassion, wisdom, and beauty. Each of these goddesses represents different aspects of the human experience, including fertility, strength, and protection. They represent various aspects of life and are worshipped as an entity that brings good luck, prosperity, peace, and harmony. Their stories contain valuable lessons about life and spirituality that we can still apply today!


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Disclaimer: The information and advice contained in our articles are intended for general informational purposes only. The content on our site does not provide any medical advice and only reflects the opinion of writers.

India Chakra
Author: India Chakra

India chakra

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